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What is boysenberry – Health Benefits of boysenberry

Boysenberries are recognized for their typically large seeds and deep maroon colour. They are the cross breeds of raspberry, blackberry, dewberry, and Logan berry. The origin of boysenberry is still unknown but records show that a horticulturist named Rudolp Boysen combined dewberry and Logan berry, and resulted in Boysenberry. Thus the name is derived from its inventor. They are harvested during late spring and early summer. The fruits have sweet, acidic and a rich flavour, and are directly produced from the flowers. They have thin skin, soft pulp, and oval in size, and are used in cream, tarts, cake toppings, and pies. They prefer loamy and sandy soil and grow well under full sun. Boysenberries are mainly grown in New Zealand, making it the highest producer and exporter, and other parts of America especially in California and Oregon.

Health benefits

  • Boysenberries are rich in fiber that helps in the process of digestion and healthy bowel movements, reducing constipation.
  • The fiber intake also maintains the level of glucose in the body and the cholesterol lowering down the risks of diabetes and heart diseases.
  • It has significant amount of Folate and Vitamin B which aids in the proper functioning of the nervous system.
  • The Vitamin E & K content helps in the formation of blood and prevents bleeding disorders.
  • It has zero amount of fats and calories, and will fight against obesity and keep your energy high throughout the day.
  • They are considered good for skin and hair due to the presence of Vitamin C in them. They also increase the resistance power of the body.
  • The anthocyanins maintain a healthy brain tissues, improve memory, and prevent any cognitive disorders results due to aging.
  • It improves eye health and vision respectively.
  • It also cures kidney stones, osteoporosis, cancer, wounds, and inflammations.

Side effects

Boysenberries have no such side effects. But if any individual is allergic to raspberry or blackberry might develop mild allergic reaction in consuming them. Though the allergic reactions are nor permanent, but it is better to consult a general physician or doctor before having in large quantities.

Ways to prepare

The berries are used for various dishes including Boysenberry pie, berry cobbler with coconut walnut topping, boysenberry & apple crumble, boysenberry cheesecake, boysenberry vegan hamantaschen, boysenberry pavlovas, boysenberry chocolate brownie and others. Besides, they are good to use in fruit or green salads, smoothie, puree, and yogurt and are used over bread, muffins, cakes, ice-creams, and other desserts.

Conclusion

With the introduction of a new hybrid called “newberry” in the market, there has been a sharp fall in the popularity of the boysenberry. They are difficult to ship for their soft and delicate structure and the juices come out with mere pressure. They are highly perishable and start to decay after few days of harvest. They are marketed in local stores and are available either as processed products or fresh, canned and dried.

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What is black chokeberry – Health Benefits of black chokeberry

Black chokeberries or Aronia are a deciduous shrub that comes from the family of Rosaceae. Found in wet as well as dry vegetation, marshlands, swamp and under full sun, these berries are sweet-sour in taste. They are foods for insects, animals, and humans and thrive well in the eastern North America. White and pink flowers bloom during the spring and the fruit ripens by late summer. The leaves turn bright red in autumn, they are wider in top than bottom and have crenate margins. There are basically three species apart from black, others are red chokeberries, purple chokeberries, and Sorbaronia mitschurinii. These shrubs are very small in size and are known as the “ornamental plants” that are used in garden and houses. The leaves are 6cm and the fruits are 6-9mm wide respectively. The plant bear white flowers and black fruits which are larger in size than the red chokeberries. The berries are rich in polyphenols, especially anthocyanins that gives them rich colours.

Health benefits

  • They are the richest source of flavonoid and antioxidant. It increases the immune system and prevents inflammation.
  • It reduces the risks of having colon cancer and cervical cancer by 80%. It stops the development of tumour tissues and thus gets rid of the cancer cells.
  • The dietary fiber prevents heart diseases, heart attack, coronary artery diseases, and lowers the level of cholesterol.
  • It also possesses health benefits against aging and neurological diseases, diabetes, and bacterial infection.
  • The berries contain certain anti-oxidants among which zeaxanthin are one of them. It protects the eyes and prevents uveitis and inflammation.
  • It helps in digestion, lose calories and helps body to fight against free radicals.
  • Other benefits include providing loads of energy to your body, keeps you strong and healthy throughout the day.

Side effects

There are no such notable side effects reported, but people are advised not to intake red chokeberries in large quantities.

  • The chokeberries contain oxalic acid, which interacts with the calcium of the body and results in the formation of stones in kidney and bladder.
  • The oxalic acid may also result in the formation of oxalate stones in the urinary tract. So it is advised to consume more water for normal urine production.

Ways to prepare

The berries are better in taste and sweetness and the fruits can be eaten raw. The black chokeberries go great with desserts, salads dressings, and ice- cream. The juices, jellies and the syrup made from the fruits are often used in different recipes, which add a delicious taste to the dishes. The fruits are dried to make herbal tea, and also used for flavouring and colouring beverages, wine, and yogurts. They are also baked into pies, muffins, bread, and cakes. They are also suitable for baby food products.

Conclusion

The black chokeberries are earning popularity for the vitamin and the mineral content. They are consumed more by the health freaks and are constantly added to the diet charts of the people who want to stay healthy or fit. The unique flavour of the fruits makes them useful in the preparation of dishes.

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What is Indian Plum – Health Benefits of Osoberry

Indian Plum also known as Osoberry is a shrub classified from the family of Rosaceae and kingdom Plantae, grows up to 6 or 20 feet tall. It is 12 feet wide with fibrous roots. It needs abundant water to grow and specially found near damp areas or places nearer to stream and grasslands. They are grown all over northern California, coastal regions of British Columbia, western regions of Cascades, Canada, and Santa Barbara County. It has elliptical-shaped leaves and the flowers bloom at the onset of spring. This shrub is deciduous and prefers mild temperature and rainfall to germinate. It has the capacity to tolerate the harsh temperature of summer. The fruits are bell-shaped and have a rich scent of almond. These fruits when ripe, are often fed by birds, rodents, deer, and other animals. A female plum can produce fruit only when a male plum is close by. The male and female flowers are hard to distinguish as they look pretty similar. The only difference is that the male flowers have long pollen bearing stamens whereas the females have advanced pistils. The fruits that are bore by female shrubs are blue- black in colour, and grow less than half inches. The foliage are coloured in dark green.

Health benefits

Indian plum is often used by the natives of America in their diet. The bark is used in tea is considered as a remedy for tuberculosis and a medicine for proper bowel movement. The twigs are chewed as they are believed to be mild antiseptic and aphrodisiac. They are edible by humans but tastes bitter even when ripe. The fruits can be eaten raw, dried, or cooked and are good for fever. They contain high nutrients and are a dietary fibre that acts as an antioxidants for the body. The leaves are boiled and are eaten to cure diabetes. They heal kidney infections, dysentery, cough, wounds, and others.

Side effects

There are no such side effects but too much consumption may lead to adverse effects. Plum contains sufficient amount of oxalates, and when consumed more they get thicken and interferes with the calcium absorption of our body. Hence it results to form kidney or bladder stones with the calcium deposits. It also contains small amount of hydrogen cyanide which in excess eating may give rise to respiratory disorders. It is best to refrain yourself from excessive consumption and is advised to take in little amount to keep a good health.

Ways to prepare

Indian plums are used in various dishes and the recipes vary accordingly. For instance Osoberry Ossobucco is made with lamb neck, onions, and red wine, osoberry sauce, white beans and oregano. This is a dish rich in flavour and is served with risotto. They are used in making liquors just my mixing vinegar, red wine, white wine, honey, or molasses and the ripe fruit. To add more essence to the drinks herbs, mints, basils, peppercorns and other spices are fused together. There are many more other tasty syrups and jellies can be made with the help of osoberries.

Conclusion

Oemleria cerasiformis the binomial name stands for Indian plum, are exceptionally beautiful wildlife plants. When bloom they look like hanging clusters from a single branch carrying 10 to 20 flowers. They spread slowly but much of its seeds are dispersed by birds and are susceptible to rhododendron lace bugs and fungus. They are shortly lived but have fast growing nature

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What is Bearberry – Health Benefits of Bearberry

Bearberries are small dwarf shrubs and the favourite food for bears. They are consumable by other animals, birds, and humans too. They are densely populated in Central America, and are distributed throughout North America, Asia, and Europe. It has three other species, i.e. alpine bearberry, red bearberry, and common bearberry. The leaves of these shrubs are used for medicinal purpose. It is specially grown over sandy soils, shallow region, and is often planted around home. They are small bushy plants that have dark green leaves with round edges and urn-shaped flowers. The stems are covered with fine silky hairs. The colour of the branches and the leaves changes with maturity. The twigs turn from white to green to reddish-brown, while the leaves turn from green to reddish-green to purple at the time of fall. The fruits are called drupes and they are round, smooth and fleshy. They are adaptable to chilly weather of the Arctic region. The leathery leaves and the silk hairs are the features that help the bearberries to habituate in the cold regions of Tundra. These shrubs are a good source of flavonoids, tannins, resins, ursolic acid, gallic acid, and other vital oils.

http://www.healwithfood.org/articles/bearberry-good-for-skin-age-spots.php

Health benefits

  • Bearberry is a very productive shrub and every parts are used in certain way. They are used to treat cystisis, urinary disorders, and urolithiasis.
  • The roots are used in the tea which treats cough and excess menstrual bleeding.
  • The extracts from the stem is used to prevent miscarriages and heals the wounds of childbirth.
  • The leaves of bearberries contain antibacterial compounds known as hydroquinones. The extract is used for urinary tract infection, bladder, and kidney problems.
  • It is also an effective treatment for arthritis, rheumatism, severe back pain, and tinnitus. Bearberries also cure headache, fever, vomiting, sore gums, cuts & burns, and others.
  • The polyphenolic compounds found in the leaves helps in anti-aging.

Side effects

  • Intake to higher quantities of bearberry may cause nausea, dizziness, green urine, and diarrhoea.
  • It may also result in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
  • Too much concentration of bearberries results in a heart condition called cardiomyopathy.
  • Other discomforts include muscle cramps, irregular heartbeat, itching, and seizures, vomiting and swelling of lips or tongue.

http://www.medicinenet.com/bearberry_arctostaphylos_uva-ursi-oral/article.htm

Ways to prepare

Bearberries when fully ripe are made jams and jellies. They can be then used with bread, cakes, and muffins and can give you a delicious breakfast. Bearberry paste is another preparation made from these fruits. This paste enriches the flavour of the food. To make it bit spicy, cinnamon and cloves are used to enhance the taste.

Conclusion

Bearberries are thought to be effective folk medicine. It has many other common English names such as mountain cranberry, sandberry, crowberry, bear’s grape, and uva-ursi. According to folk tales the leaves of bearberries were first used in Europe and are called as phytomedicine. The leaves are also used by Native Americans with tobacco in various religious festivals. The Scandinavian countries obtain a grey coloured dye from this plant and the tanning is used in the leather industry of Sweden and Russia.

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What is Bilberry – Health Benefits of Bilberry

Bilberries often referred to as Vaccinium myrtillus are closely related to Blueberries but are very different from them. It is a small shrub that comes from the family of Ericaceae. They are the local plants of Europe and have long medicinal histories. They are also densely found in Ireland, Poland, Finland, Austria, Sweden, Norway and also Iceland. Bilberries are known by many other names including blueberry, whinberry, myrtle blueberry, fraughan and others. They grow very well in acidic soil which does not contain any nutrients and adapt itself to the temperate and subarctic climate of the world. This shrub has small fruits that are nearly black in colour and are grown in pairs rather than clusters. The fruits are delicious and very rarely cultivated as they are immensely difficult to grow. When eaten raw, it leaves heavy stains in lips, hands and tongue due to high concentration of anthocyanins present in the fruits. They are often processed into jams, jellies, fruit fool and pies.

Health benefits

As stated earlier that Bilberries have long medicinal histories, some of the health benefits are written below:

  • Bilberries are renowned for improving eyesight, including night vision, cataracts and retina disorders. This usage is vividly described in the story of World War II of the pilots consuming bilberries to enhance their night vision power.
  • The anthocyanins are powerful antioxidants which makes the blood vessels and capillary walls stronger. It also increases the count of the red blood cells.
  • The leave extract lowers the blood pressure and has a positive impact on the cholesterol level.
  • It also refines the varicose veins, spider veins and skin sores.
  • It is a good medicine for anti-aging treatment.
  • The shrub contains tannins which treats diarrhea, gastrointestinal ailments, and sore throat and reduce swelling.
  • It blocks the growth of tumor cells and even prevent from cancer, diabetes, osteoarthritis, gout and kidney diseases.
  • The flavonoids present in the berries improve the circulation of blood throughout the body.
  • Other benefits include tissue firmness, tighten mucous membranes and relieve irritation.

Side effects

There are very slight possible side effects of Bilberries. Some are given below:

  • Taking bilberries with blood sugar medications may lower your count to a greater degree. Stop eating bilberry if you are a diabetic.
  • It may cause some allergic reactions like inflammation of lips or tongue or difficulty in breathing.
  • It may also slow down blood to clot and interact with blood-thinning medicines like warfarin.
  • Other effects are reverse eye disorders, muscle spasm and weight reduction.

Ways to prepare

Bilberries are famous for making pies and desserts. These fruits are also used in the making of tarts and liquors. Bilberry pie with cream, Bilberry gin, Bilberry-lemon loaf cakes, bilberry crumble ice cream, Bilberry tart and others are the mouth-watering recipes that can dominant your diet plan as they are very easy to make and bake.

Conclusion

Bilberry gets the rich colour from the anthocyanins which are a pH indicator. The extracts are used to make indelible ink for stamping food products. They are available for almost throughout the year but their softness makes them difficult for transport from one place to another. They are mostly collected from forests and are readily available at gourmet stores.

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What is Blueberry – Health Benefits of Blueberry

Blueberries are indigo coloured fruits that are cultivated all over North America mostly Michigan, New Jersey, Maryland, Washington, Georgia, Florida, British Columbia and other places. These are short-lived flowering plants that are seen to bloom in spring and summer. It is a very popular fruit of America as it is believed to have highest concentration of antioxidants in comparison to other fruits and vegetables. It has two types of species, one that is wild and smaller in size is known as “low-bush blueberries” and the larger species is known as “high-bush blueberries.” Many of its species are found in Australia, New Zealand, and other nations. The plant grows to a size of about 10cm to 4m. The leaves are long, broad, sometimes evergreen, or deciduous. The flowers are varied in colour, sometimes red, white, pink, or greenish. The fruit changes colour from green to violet by the time it become ripe.

Health benefits

Blueberry contains certain amount of minerals, Vitamin C & K, dietary fiber, manganese, and very less micronutrients. The anthocyanins, polyphenols, and phytochemicals are quite beneficial for the human body.

  • The antioxidants treat any kind of nervous disorder and improve memory. It slows down the progress of cognitive problems associated with age.
  • The Vitamin C helps to grow and develop tissues and reals wound rapidly. It is used to make skin, cells and blood vessels and immunes your body from every diseases.
  • The Vitamin K helps in blood clotting. It makes bones strong and prevents other heart diseases.
  • Blueberries also contain manganese that plays a role in fat and carbohydrate metabolism.
  • Urinary tract disorder, cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases are all cured with blueberry.
  • The leaves extract are used to heal diarrhoea, sore throat, and swelling of mouth and skin.
  • They are also considered as a great healer for cataracts, glaucoma, fatigue, and fever.

Side effects

If you are maintaining a balanced diet, a handful of blueberries will not cause any health effect.

  • Blueberries have an active ingredient called salicylate which is similar to aspirin. For those who are sensitive to aspirin, eating blueberries may cause headache, nausea, vomiting, bowel disorders, and other discomforts.
  • Other side effects include gastrointestinal distress, hypoglycaemia, and increased chance of bleeding.
  • Blueberries are not recommended while having surgeries or if you are scheduled for any surgery.

Ways to prepare

Due to its rich nutrient content and antioxidant present, Blueberries are preferred in every diet of U.S and other states. These fruits are used in many dishes and some names of the notable recipes are shared below:

  • Blueberry pie.
  • Blueberry Flax pancakes.
  • Best ever blueberry cobbler.
  • Blueberry zucchini bread.
  • Blueberry sour cream coffee cake.
  • Blueberry crumb bars.

Blueberries are harvested usually in summer. They are sold raw or in the processed form of juice, puree, sauce, jellies, jams or pies. The variety can be consumed with muffins, cakes, bread and much more.

Conclusion

Blueberries are consumed at large quantities all across United States. The harvesting season varies, it starts at May and ends by late summer. Many new cultivation techniques have been improved so that the industries can produce fresh blueberries 10 months of the year. Prior to advancement in technology, blueberries were handpicked but now farmers use modern machines for cultivation. They are cleaned, pa